Introduction: In this article, Gena Philibert-Ortega writes about a valuable resource for genealogists: family history books. Gena is a genealogist and author of the book “From the Family Kitchen.”
Family history books, also referred to as surname books or genealogies, may be a genealogist’s introduction to their own family history. Perhaps you own a family history tome that was a catalyst for your becoming more interested in your family history. Maybe you’ve searched for a copy through FamilySearch. While these books can seem like a researcher’s life saver, there are some things you should consider before using the information found within.
What Are Family History Books?
Family history books once concentrated solely on who begat whom; they contained mainly names, dates, places and long lists of descendants – but they have evolved over time to include stories, digitized images, and personal photo collections. In the past these books were large, hard cover, dense treatments of family history that contained information gathered by an individual, a group of family members, or even a professional genealogist. Because of the expense of printing such large books, they usually were printed in small batches with a possible copy or two donated to a genealogy library.
Where Are Family History Books Found?
Family history books can be found in libraries and online via digitized book websites. Start your search with the FamilySearch Catalog and conduct a surnames search. Books that are digitized will include a link to FamilySearch Books, which can also be searched separately.
Digitized book websites such as Google Books and Internet Archive include family history books. When searching Google Books, you can enter your surname and the keywords “family history” or “genealogy,” or you can search for your ancestor using an exact phrase search. An exact phrase search uses quote marks around the name, essentially telling Google to search on that phrase, for example “John Smith.” An Advanced Search engine is also available once you’ve conducted your initial search and are viewing your results list. At the top of the screen is a Settings link, click on that to reveal a drop-down menu with the Advanced Search option.
To search Internet Archive, click on the orange Texts icon and then choose Additional Collections. Once you are on the Additional Collections web page, choose Genealogy. These collections of digitized books are from the “Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center in Fort Wayne, Indiana; Robarts Library at the University of Toronto; the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Library; Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah; the National Library of Scotland; the Indianapolis City Library’s Indianapolis City Directory and Yearbooks Collection; The Leo Baeck Institute Archives of German-speaking Jewry Leo Baeck Institute Archives; and the Boston Public Library.” From this collections page you can search for the surname you are looking for.
Use with Caution!
It would seem that a family history book has everything a researcher could want: names, dates, places. So, what’s the down side of using surname books? The biggest problem is that in the past, and to some extent even now, they can lack source citations or have incomplete citations. Because of this it’s impossible to accept the information contained within as fact.
The lack of source citations by family historians has historically been a problem. In the past there was little emphasis on documenting where you found information – or even making sure the information found was correct. Even in cases where a book has source citations, they may be very vague – like one that exists in one of my family lines where facts for several generations include a family Bible as a source citation. Unfortunately, when I tried to track down this Bible, no one knew where it was or who owned it. Each family historian had just copied the vague citation, not knowing if it even existed.
While errors involving source documentation may be largely ones of omission, in some cases they were ones of commission. Take for example the infamous genealogist Gustave Anjou, who prepared fraudulent genealogies for his clients. Some of those genealogies can still be found today and may be used by unsuspecting researchers in putting together their own narrative. You can find titles of some of Anjou’s books by searching on his name in the library catalog WorldCat.
Family History Books Provide Clues
Just like online family trees, surname books may hold clues – but make sure to carefully prove the information you find in these books. In addition, don’t just use family history books for research clues; consider writing your own family history book in which you have carefully documented photos, stories and facts for the next generations to treasure.