Everyone’s a Wee Bit Irish around St. Patrick’s Day!

Introduction: Mary Harrell-Sesniak is a genealogist, author and editor with a strong technology background. In this guest blog post, to celebrate March being Irish American Heritage Month, Mary explains that many of us have at least a little Irish in our family history—including President Barack Obama and Martin Luther King, Jr.

With the St. Patrick’s Day celebrations this week, plus March being Irish American Heritage Month, everyone is feeling a wee bit Irish. And, as it turns out, quite a few of us have actual Irish roots—including U.S. President Barack Obama and civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.

Irish Diaspora

Population estimates vary, but most historians and researchers agree that the Irish Diaspora (persons of Irish heritage living outside of Ireland) is significant.

By some estimates, at least 10% of the world is Irish (according to the Irish tourism board)—and others report that there are at least seven times as many people of Irish descent in America as the entire population of Ireland! (See Huffington Post article.)

photo of Blarney Castle, Ireland

Photo: verdant scene from the top of Blarney Castle, Ireland. Credit: Mary Harrell-Sesniak.

So when everyone claims to be a wee bit Irish in March, especially on St. Patrick’s Day, you shouldn’t be surprised. Many Americans, including several prominent African Americans, can trace their roots to the Emerald Isle.

The Obamas’ Irish Ancestry

One of the first studies on President Barack and Michelle (Robinson) Obama’s ancestry was conducted by genealogist Megan Smolenyak Smolenyak (yes, she is a double Smolenyak).

She discovered that Mrs. Obama’s third great grandmother Melvinia was the granddaughter of Andrew Shields, a white Irish protestant immigrant, via his son Charles Shields.

The President’s direct immigrant Irish ancestor was Falmouth Kearney, a native of Moneygall in County Offaly. He left his homeland in 1850 to escape the great famine (which lasted 1845-1852). Once the people of Ireland learned this, there was much celebration and pride in being connected to the U.S. President. See:

DNA Study of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Family

Another historical figure connected to the Republic of Ireland is Martin Luther King, Jr. (15 Jan. 1929 – 4 April 1968).

photo of Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial, Washington, D.C.

Photo: Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial, Washington, D.C. Credit: Library of Congress.

Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s roots are a wee bit elusive, as traditional research methods using a path of documentary evidence have failed.

However, a DNA study conducted on his son Michael Luther King, III, indicated ties to the Mende people of Sierra Leone on his mother’s side, and Ireland on his father’s.

MLK’s Family Tree through the Paternal Line

  • Jacob Branham & wife Dinnah
  • |
  • Nathan King (a.k.a. Branham or Brannan) & wife Malinda
  • |
  • James Albert “Jim” King & Delia Lindsey
  • |
  • Martin Luther King, Sr. & Alberta C. Williams
  • |
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. & Coretta Scott

In the MLK family tree, note the name change from Branham or Brannan (and other spellings) to King. This occurred sometime between 1870 and 1880, when Nathan appeared on the U.S. Federal Census as a King. The reason for the name change is not clear, but perhaps the family wished to disassociate themselves with the oppressive slavery of the Branham family of Putnam County, Georgia.

No records have been located to prove which Branham family owned the slave plantation where the King ancestors lived, but in all likelihood it was Dr. Joel Branham (1799 – 1877) or his father Henry Branham (or both). The family is thought to have removed to Georgia from Virginia in the 1700s. By 1812 Henry Branham had become active in his community, and he ran for the State Legislature.

article abourt Henry Branham, Georgia Argus newspaper article 7 October 1812

Georgia Argus (Milledgeville, Georgia), 7 October 1812, page 2

The family’s opposition to the abolishment of slavery is indicated by this article of 1837, when Dr. Joel Branham opposed the election of President Martin Van Buren.

article about Joel Branham, Augusta Chronicle newspaper article 17 September 1840

Augusta Chronicle (Augusta, Georgia), 17 September 1840, page 2

The Mysterious Reference to James King & Ireland

Several genealogists have presented comprehensive articles discussing the King family’s connection to the Branhams and Ireland (see links below)—and surprisingly, they have identified one mysterious reference to Ireland in connection with Rev. King’s grandfather.

An examination of the records reports a bit more detail.

In 1910, the U.S. Federal Census reported that the James and Delia King family (James King was MLK’s grandfather) were renting a farm on the Jonesboro and Covington Road in the Stockbridge District of Henry County, Georgia. It was the first marriage for James and Delia, who had been married 15 years (so they were married c. 1895). There had been eight children, but only seven were still living. The eldest child could read and write, and the second child could read but not write, and neither James nor Delia could read or write.

The birthplace of Delia and all the children was reported as Georgia—but James King’s birthplace was reported as Ohio. Most interestingly, the birthplace of James King’s father was reported as Ireland.

photo of the 1910 U.S. Census record for James King, Sr.

Photo: 1910 U.S. Census record for James King, Sr. Credit: FamilySearch.org.

photo of the 1910 U.S. Census record for James King, Sr. household

For further reading on this interesting subject, see these articles:

Cluster Analysis of the Branham Irish Origins

So if you accept the theory that one of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s ancestors was a man named Branham from Ireland, how would one determine where the family originated?

Since early records are scant, a surname distribution map such as the one hosted by the Irish Times is useful. It works by enumerating names found on surveys, such as the 1847-64 Primary Valuation Survey.

Some might criticize this tool for being too late a time period. However, if a significant number of families were only found in a limited area, then a sampling of family (siblings and cousins of the immigrants whose descendants stayed in the area), could be examined.

By searching for Branham, the results showed six households under an alternate spelling of Brangham.

Other related spellings include Brannan, Brannon, Bringham, Brinham, Brennan, etc.—and when they were searched, a significant cluster appeared. It turns out that these families are associated with Northern Ireland, and in particular the counties of Londonderry, Antrim, Tyrone, Down, Armagh and Fermanagh.

Although not conclusive, this at least provides researchers who wish to trace the King Irish ancestry more of a target region.

Further Reading:

38 Nebraska Newspapers Now Online in Our Archives

Searching for your ancestors in Nebraska? GenealogyBank has 38 Nebraska newspapers online in its newspaper archives, to help you research your family history in the “Cornhusker State.”

photo of 19th century Nebraska homesteaders

Photo credit: Wikipedia. Hey, is that Uncle Willie on the left?

Use these two links to search for your ancestors in all of our Nebraska newspaper archives, or click on an individual title in the below table to use that newspaper’s individual search form:

Search Nebraska Newspaper Archives (1868 – 1983)

Search Nebraska Recent Obituaries (1996 – Current)

City Newspaper

Date Range

Collection

Ashland Ashland Gazette

2/3/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Beatrice Beatrice Daily Sun

6/10/2002 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Bellevue Bellevue Leader

2/27/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Broken Bow Custer County Chief

10/4/2010 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Chadron Chadron Record

4/12/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Columbus Columbus Telegram

9/19/1999 – Current

Recent Obituaries

David City David City Banner-Press

9/13/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Fremont Fremont Tribune

8/16/2000 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Gering Gering Courier

11/6/2008 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Grand Island Grand Island Independent

9/14/2006 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Gretna Gretna Breeze

2/23/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Hemingford Hemingford Ledger

11/7/2008 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Kearney Kearney Hub

5/30/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Lexington Lexington Clipper-Herald

6/23/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Lincoln Lincoln Journal Star

6/1/1996 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Lincoln Lincoln Journal Star: Web Edition Articles

11/4/2003 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Nebraska City Daily Nebraska Press

8/6/1868 – 12/28/1876

Newspaper Archives

Nebraska City Nebraska City News-Press

2/9/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

North Platte North Platte Telegraph

5/3/2004 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Omaha Afro-American Sentinel

2/22/1896 – 3/25/1899

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Danske Pioneer

10/17/1895 – 10/10/1901

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Enterprise

8/10/1895 – 7/3/1897

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Omaha Herald

10/30/1878 – 6/30/1889

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Omaha Morning Bee-News

9/9/1935 – 9/9/1935

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Omaha Star

1/7/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Omaha Omaha World Herald

8/24/1885 – 12/31/1983

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Omaha World-Herald

1/10/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Omaha Progress

3/22/1890 – 3/7/1891

Newspaper Archives

Papillion Papillion Times

1/27/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Papillion Suburban Newspapers

6/29/2005 – 1/29/2009

Recent Obituaries

Plattsmouth Plattsmouth Journal

5/2/2007 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Ralston Ralston Recorder

5/6/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Schuyler Schuyler Sun

10/20/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Scottsbluff Star-Herald

4/20/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Syracuse Syracuse Journal-Democrat

3/6/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Wahoo Wahoo Newspaper

2/1/2007 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Waverly Waverly News

4/21/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

York York News-Times

3/8/2000 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Our United States Recent Obituary Collection Keeps Growing…

In the next two weeks GenealogyBank will expand our online U.S. Recent Obituaries collection by adding content from 14 newspapers from 12 states: California, Florida, Illinois, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and Washington. Some of these newspaper titles are brand new to our recent obituary collection; in other cases, we’ve added more obituaries to existing newspaper titles.

It’s a great day for genealogy!

Here is the list of U.S. newspaper obituaries that will be added or expanded in our online archives soon:

Martinez News-Gazette (Martinez, CA)

  • Obituaries:  01/06/2009 – Current

Daytona Beach News-Journal (Daytona Beach, FL)

  • Death Notices:  01/01/2005 – Current; scattered 2000 data also available

Harrisburg Daily Register (Harrisburg, IL)

  • Obituaries: added 11/4/1996 – 10/5/2009 to existing collection
  • Death Notices: added 12/10/1996 – 3/10/2010 to existing collection

Kearney Hub (Kearney, NE)

  • Death Notices:  12/19/2006 – Current

Wahoo Newspaper (Wahoo, NE)

  • Death Notices:  02/01/2007 – Current

Jersey Journal (Jersey City, NJ)

  • Obituaries: added 1/16/1999 – 6/20/2003 to existing collection

Burgh (Plattsburgh, NY)

  • Obituaries:  08/05/2011 – Current

Skaneateles Press (Skaneateles, NY)

  • Obituaries:  08/04/2011 – Current

Smithfield Herald (Smithfield, NC)

  • Death Notices:  01/11/2012 – Current

Jeannette Spirit (Jeannette, PA) – this title’s search form is still being set up

  • Obituaries:  11/15/2012 – Current

Advertiser News (Spring Hill, TN)

  • Obituaries:  05/19/2007 – Current

Jasper Newsboy (Jasper, TX)

  • Obituaries:  07/25/2007 – Current; scattered earlier data also available

News & Messenger (Manassas, VA)

  • Obituaries: added 5/02/2008 – 1/21/2011 to existing collection

North Coast News (Ocean Shores, WA)

  • Obituaries:  03/24/2009 – 03/23/2012

Handy Quick List: 35 Nebraska Newspapers Now Online

GenealogyBank has Nebraska covered with 35 online newspapers. That’s a lot of local and city papers for your ancestry research in the “Cornhusker State.”

Here is the complete list of NE newspapers currently available in our archives. Easily search newspapers online from Lincoln, Nebraska City, Omaha, and more popular Nebraska cities to discover your family history.

collage of Nebraska newspapers available in GenealogyBank's online newspaper archives

Collage of Nebraska newspapers available in GenealogyBank’s online newspaper archives

Dig in and start searching our Nebraska newspaper archives now and trace back your genealogy:

City Newspaper

Coverage

Collection

Ashland Ashland Gazette

2/3/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Beatrice Beatrice Daily Sun

6/10/2002 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Bellevue Bellevue Leader

2/27/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Broken Bow Custer County Chief

10/2/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Columbus Columbus Telegram

9/19/1999 – Current

Recent Obituaries

David City David City Banner-Press

9/13/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Fremont Fremont Tribune

8/16/2000 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Gering Gering Courier

11/6/2008 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Grand Island Grand Island Independent

12/1/1997 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Gretna Gretna Breeze

2/23/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Hemingford Hemingford Ledger

11/7/2008 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Kearney Kearney Hub

5/30/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Lexington Lexington Clipper-Herald

6/23/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Lincoln Lincoln Journal Star

6/1/1996 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Lincoln Lincoln Journal Star: Web Edition Articles

11/4/2003 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Nebraska City Daily Nebraska Press

8/6/1868 – 12/28/1876

Newspaper Archives

Nebraska City Nebraska City News-Press

2/9/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

North Platte North Platte Telegraph

5/3/2004 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Omaha Afro-American Sentinel

2/22/1896 – 3/25/1899

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Danske Pioneer

10/17/1895 – 10/10/1901

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Enterprise

8/10/1895 – 7/3/1897

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Omaha Herald

10/30/1878 – 6/30/1889

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Omaha World Herald

8/24/1885 – 12/31/1983

Newspaper Archives

Omaha Omaha World-Herald

9/4/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Omaha Progress

3/22/1890 – 3/7/1891

Newspaper Archives

Papillion Papillion Times

1/27/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Papillion Suburban Newspapers

6/29/2005 – 1/29/2009

Recent Obituaries

Plattsmouth Plattsmouth Journal

5/2/2007 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Ralston Ralston Recorder

5/6/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Schuyler Schuyler Sun

10/20/2011 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Scottsbluff Star-Herald

4/20/2005 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Syracuse Syracuse Journal-Democrat

3/6/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Wahoo Wahoo Newspaper

2/1/2007 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Waverly Waverly News

4/21/2009 – Current

Recent Obituaries

York York News-Times

3/8/2000 – Current

Recent Obituaries

Portland, Oregon Street Names